Much ink has been spilt proclaiming the “leading role” of the USA in combatting climate breakdown; with large countries like China and India in the developing world seen as the problem.
The figures from the latest Carbon Change Performance Index explode this myth.
Overall, with scores given for Greenhouse gas emissions (40%) Renewable energy (20%) Energy use (20%) and Climate Policy (20%) the USA ranks 55 (out of 64). China is at 37. India is at 10. The 64 countries covered are responsible for 92% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Their more detailed report groups countries into categories for overall performance.
The USA is in the “Very low” group, along with Australia, Saudi Arabia, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, Canada and Poland (amongst others).
China is in the “Low” group, along with New Zealand, Japan, Belgium, Vietnam and Ireland.
India is in the “High” group along with the UK, Denmark, Sweden, Chile and Finland.
On specific categories, the USA ranks
- very low (i.e. poor) for greenhouse gas emissions: China is also rated very low but India is rated high.
- very low for renewable energy; China and India are rated medium.
- very low (i.e. poor) for energy use: China is also very low. India is high.
- medium for policy: China and India are rated high.
The policy is what points to the future, if they are carried out. China has a record of meeting or exceeding its targets and the IEA assesses that its plan is viable and can be accelerated. In fact, China is due to invest £3.4 trillion to reduce carbon emissions in the next decade, which is more than the US and EU combined. The US plan has already been hobbled in Congress and there are worrying signs that the possible Second Coming of Donald Trump in 2024 (or someone like him) will throw any semblance of global cooperation out of the window.